Orthodontic Appliances: What are they?

In a general perspective, orthodontic appliances are used to treat malocclusion, especially crooked teeth, crowded teeth, and protruding ones. They are also used to spacing problems, deep overbite, underbite, overjet, etc. These supportive braces are designed and prescribed only by the accredited orthodontists. 

In a controlled manner, these appliances gently apply pressure on the teeth through supporting bones to reach the desired position. Before getting them to put on you, the dentist will first ensure that the bones, gums, and tooth roots are healthy before recommending a particular appliance. 

Furthermore, the patient should be emotionally prepared to receive those appliances. The patient’s cooperation is vital in achieving the desired results. Those with self-image concerns are usually a bit hard to treat.

The Different Types of Braces and Other Appliances

Braces remain the primary appliances used to maintain the correct shape of teeth both for adults and children. The advancement in the dental field has seen other types of braces being released into the market. This is to mean that braces are not just the traditional metallic wires. Here are the common types of braces, used by dentists in Dubai;

  • Metal Braces

Often referred to as the ‘traditional braces,’ these types have two major components; the brackets and the archwire. The brackets are placed and bonded on top of the individual teeth and ultimately apply pressure on them – shifting them to the desired position. The archwire is used to connect all the braces.

  • Lingual Braces

Lingual braces operate just the same way as metallic ones do. The most significant difference is that they are almost invisible from the eyes of other people. These braces are kept on the inside or the lingual parts of the tooth, hiding them from other people. These braces are useful, but not as much as the rest on this list. They also have a downside when the wearer wishes to clean them.

The wearer might experience difficulties cleaning an area they were not used to clean, and also they risk having their speaking pattern distorted. Although there is a learning curve for speech for all orthodontic treatments, lingual braces might prove to be harder. 

  • Ceramic Braces

Ever since they were invented, ceramic braces became a trendy alternative to metallic braces. This is because their brackets copied the same color as the teeth of the patient, making them virtually hard to notice.

You can also get ceramic braces in Dubai with wires which have the same color as the teeth. This type of braces is a bit more pricy as compared to metallic braces, but they are even more effective than other clear braces.

  • Self-litigating Braces

Self-litigating braces make use of brackets and wires just like in the case of metallic and ceramic braces. They are, however, more advanced and use clips to hold the wires instead of runner bands. Such types of braces are ideal as they are made to hold on to fewer amounts of foods, be significantly less painful than other types of braces, and eventually reduce the number of times one has to visit the dentist. Self-litigating braces are not ideal for use by every patient as they might lack the features required to treat more severe cases.

  • Clear Braces

Invisalign is the most common type of ‘clear braces’ that are in the market. Although a bit more expensive than other brands, these braces can be removed or put on easily and are virtually invisible to other people. Not all dentists are qualified to treat patients with Invisalign, and only the most experienced best orthodontists in Dubai are accredited to offer.

Other Appliances

There are two major types of appliances which are used in conjunction with braces. They are categorized into treatment and retainers when looked in a functionality perspective. They are further classified into removable and fixed.

Here are some common types of orthodontic appliances;

  • Headgear

A headgear is used to treat patients who have either an overbite or an underbite. They gently ‘pull’ the teeth to have an aligned shape, restricting one jaw overlapping the other.

  • Palatal Expander

Just as the name implies, the palatial expanders are used to ‘widen’ the upper jaw. This is achieved each time an adjustment is made by putting pressure on the upper molars. Once the desired expansion has been completed, the palatial expanders will still have to be worn longer to prevent regression.

  • Retainers

Retainers are appliances one puts on after that have been wearing braces. They ensure that regression does not occur and help in retaining the achieved shape. Your orthodontist will direct on the period you will have to keep the retainers on.

  • Separators or Spacers

These are small doughnut-shaped rubbers which are kept between your teeth when anticipating the placement of bands. They are usually removed before the bands are placed. Spacers do not mix that well with sticky foods and things such as toothpicks.

  • Herbst® Appliance

This appliance helps in reducing the overbite by pushing molars backward and the lower jaw forward. This product is mostly worn by children and can be put on for a year or so.

  • Forsus™

Mostly used by teenagers, the Forsus Fatigue Resistant Device is an alternative to headgear and helps in eliminating excessive overbites. They also improve the fit of teeth and reduce the need for jaw surgery. 

  • Elastics (Rubber Bands)

When you wear rubber bands, the fit of your upper and lower teeth is improved. These elastics should only be worn as prescribed by your orthodontist.

  • Carriere Motion Appliance

This product is used to limit extractions and reduce the difficulty in treatment for Class II patients. Moreover, these products have a low profile and which translates to comfort for the patients. They can be used with braces or with aligners.

Conclusion

Taking care of your teeth is not just the responsibility of the dentist, but yours as well. Most of the appliances mentioned above are used to prevent further damage to your teeth. Always following your dentist’s instructions is advisable. If you experience any issues with your teeth, do not hesitate to contact one of the best braces clinic near you

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